RUNES, ALPHABET OF MYSTERY

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Norse Gods & GoddesesGiants, Dwarves & Wights

This is more than just a list of the players, it's also a lexicon ("ordbok") of terminology one encounters while reading about Norse mythology and runelore.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Hair of Gold - The long golden hair of Sif (Thor's wife) was her pride and joy. Loki, as a joke, cut off her hair. Thor forced Loki to find a way to replace it. Loki persuaded the Dwarves to spin hair of real gold for her. The hair grew to her skin as soon as it was put on.

Hajlmthrimull - A Valqyrie.

Haliarunos - Wise women of the Gothic tribe who used runes.

Hallinskisdi - Another name for Heimdall.

Hall of Fate - A beautiful hall near the spring of Urda under Yggdrasil. From it come three Disir called Norns, whose names are Urdjr, Verdhandi, Skuld. These women shape the lives of men.

Hall of Judgment - The gods gathered in council in here.

Hamfarir - ON: Hamfarir is shapeshifting, traveling around in an assumed shape or form different from one's usual natural form. The power to do it is called Hamrammr.

Hammer of Thor - Called "Mjöllnir", it hits every target at which it is thrown and always returns to the thrower's hand.

Hamingja - A part of the soul that is passed on from generation to generation, associated with the fylgja.

Hamr- The a shape the soul may take when it leaves the body. Several of the gods are able to change hamr, i.e. move their soul into another shape or creature. Its appearance directly effects the appearance of the lyke, or physical body. The hamr goes with the wode upon death and will assist in forming the lyke in the next incarnation.

Hamskerpir - ("The Thick-Skinned") Hamskerpir and the mare Gardrofa are the parents of Gna's grey horse Hoof-flourisher.

Hangadrott - ("The Hanging God") - One of Odin's many names. He can sit by hanged people to gain knowledge of the land of the dead. Once he went so far as to hang himself from Yggdrasil for nine days, more dead than alive, increasing his magical powers and runic knowledge.

Haptagud - ("God of the Gods") Another name for Odin.

Harbard - ("Grey Beard") Another name for Odin.Ferryman disguise used by Odhinn.

Harn - ("Flax") The Goddess of flax-dressing.

Har - A Dwarf.

Hárr- ("The High-One"). Another name of Odin.

Hárr's Hall - One of Odin's Halls

Harts - Four harts (deer) gnaw the high branches of Yggdrasil: Dáin, Dvalin, Duneyr, Durathrór.

Hater of Byrnies - A kenning for the Tyrfing, a magic sword forged by the Dwarves Durin and Dvalin. The sword killed most of the people who have owned it.

Hati Hrodvitnisson - ("One Who Hates") A wolf that runs in front of the Lightdisir Sun and her horses over the sky. Skoll is the wolf that runs behind Sun. They are the Fenrir wolf's sons and live in the Ironforest.

Hati & Skoll - The wolves chasing the sun and moon, sons of Fenrir.

Haur - Rock dwelling Dwarf.

Hawks - A kenning for 'warriors'.

Heaven - According to Snorri there are three heavens. First, mankind's heaven called Asgard. Second, to the south and above Asgard is another place called Andlang. And third, above Andlang is a place called Vidbláin.

Heidi - A witch from the 'Song of the Sybil', raised from the dead by Odin. A farseeing witch, wise in talismans, caster of spells, cunning in magic. Odin gave her arm-rings and necklaces to learn her lore, to see through all the worlds.

Heidh-rún - ON: The positive aspects of a given runestave; "bright-stave".

Heidr - ON. A cunning-woman or "witch."

Heidrun [hide-roon] - ("Heath-Run") The goat on roof of Valhalla that feeds from branches of the World Tree. From her four udders come range beer, old beer, honey mead and wine for the Einheriar.

Heilar - ON: omens. If confirmation of the results of a divination are needed, omens should be taken. This is a traditional part of old Germanic (and Indo-European) divination&emdash;the necessity for "corroborating evidence" from another medium.

Heimdall, Heimdal [hame-dall] - ("Heaven's Mount") He is also called "the Son of the Waves" because he was born from the Nine Waves (Aegir's daughters) by Odin's enchantment. On the first day a boat drifted towards the shores of mankind, Aurvanga-land. In the boat was a little boy, Heimdall, sent by the Gods. He slept on a sheaf of corn, surrounded by all manner of treasures and tools. The humans accepted him gladly, and raised him calling him Rig. He taught them to kindle the holy fire, instructed them in runic wisdom, taught them workmanship and handicraft, organized their society, and originated and stabilized the three classes of men as spoken of in the Song of Rig. Heimdall lived long as a man among men, and the age of his rulership was a golden age of peace and prosperity. Heimdall bedded three different females who all bore children, ancestors to three different classes; earls, farmers and serfs. When he died, his boat returned to take him back. The sorrowing humans laid his corpse in the boat, and surrounded it with his treasures and weapons. The boat then sailed back to Vanaheimr, where Heimdall was stripped of his aged human shape, regained his eternal youth and was taken into Asgard. Asa-God of Light and the rainbow; "The White God"; he is the Guardian of Bifrost bridge. He stands at the gate and is brilliant in white armor. His teeth are gold. He has a great sword. He is a fierce warrior and very handsome. He has super-sight and super-hearing. He sleeps less than a bird. He can hear the grass grow and see hundreds of miles away. Heimdall carries a sword and the Gjallar horn. When a God comes to the gate, he blows the horn softly. At Ragnarok, he will blow the Gjall horn in warning and it will be heard throughout the nine worlds. His horse's name is Golden Forelock.

Hel, Hela - Giant Goddess of Death and the Underworld which takes her name. She rules Helheimr (Gniprhel, Niflhel), the home of the dead who have not died in battle. She was sent into Nifiheim by Odin, who gave her authority over life in the nine worlds, on the condition that she shared all her provisions with those who were sent to her, those who die from disease or old age. She has a great homestead there with extraordinarily high walls and huge gates. She is the daughter of Angrboda and Loki, sister to Jormungand, Fenrir and Narfi. She is described as half black, half flesh-covered.

Hel, Helheim, Helgardh, Niflhel - One of the nine worlds, ruled by Hel. It is the abode of the dead who are not killed in battle. Most people end up here when they die. While cold, it is not a terrible place. It is not the same as the Christian concept of Hell. Realm of the instincts. Abode of stillness and inertia - unconsciousness. The final resting place of the soul of the non-Erulian.

Helblindi - ("The one who binds to death") A Water-Giant. His parents are Farbauti and Laufey. The trickster Loki and the Storm-Giant Byleist are his brothers.

Hel Bridge, Gjoll - Hel is a very immaterial place, so when Hermód came from heaven and stood on it, it shook more than five troops of dead men crossing it on horseback. It is thatched with gleaming gold and the maiden who guards it is called Módgud. From the bridge over the river Gjöll the road to Hel lies downwards and northwards.

Helgrind - ("Death Gate") The gate between the land of the living and the land of the dead.

Heptifili - A Dwarf.

Herfjötur - ("War-Fetter") A Valkyrie who serves ale to the Einheriar in Valhalla. She often rides down to Midgard to pick the human warriors that are brave enough to go to Valhalla.

Herja - A Valkyrie.

Herjan - ("Raider") Another name for Odin.

Hermod, Hermodh - ("Fast") Asa Messenger of the Gods. The brave Hermod is the son of Odin and Frigga. Odin gave him the task to ride down to Nifilhel to bring Balder home after he had been shot by his brother Hodur. He rode to Hel on Sleipnir, Odin's eight legged horse, for nine nights down dales so deep and dark that he saw nothing, until he reached the river Gjöll. He crossed the bridge and soon reached the gates of Hel over which Sleipner leaped easily. Hel said that if everything in the universe, dead or alive, wept for Balder then she would release him. Balder gave him Odin's arm-ring, Draupnir, to take back to Odin in remembrance of him. The Æsir sent messengers throughout the worlds to ask all to weep for Balder; but a giantess called Thökk (Loki in disguise) refused to weep, so Balder stayed in Hel. Hermod represents honor and bravery.

Herteit - ("Glad of War") Another name for Odin.

Hervor - Valkryie daughter of Hlovde who took Volund the smith as her lover. She, along with two other Valkryies, had flown to earth seeking love. The Norns forced each to leave their husbands after nine years, never to return.

Hevring - ("Heaving") One of Aegir and Ran's nine wave daughters who are said to be the mothers of Heimdall, the guardian of the Bifrost bridge.

Hidge, Hugh or Hugr - (OE: hyge) The cognitive part of the soul, the intellect or "mind".

Hilda, Hildr - ("Battle") A Valkyrie who serves ale to the Einheriar in Valhalla. Göndul, Hildr and Skögul, are the most noble Valkyries in Asgard. Their task is to choose the men permitted to go to Valhalla. Hildr personifies the unforgiving war.

Hildeberg - ("Battle Fortress") A Valkyrie.

Hildegun - ("Battle War") A Valkyrie. The Light-Disir Hildegun was kidnapped when she was young and married to the emperor of the Dwarves, Ivaldi. Their children are Idun, Hjuki and Bil.

Hildisvin (hill-dee-sveen) - ("Battle Pig") A great sow belonging to Freya. She travels at great speeds and is sometimes riden by Freya.

Hildolf - ("Battle Wolf") Mentioned in Hárbarrdsljó, Hildolf lives at Rathsey's sound.

Hildskjalf [hlid-skyalf] - The throne of Odhinn, located in Valaskjalf, from which he can see all the nine worlds.

Himinbjorg - ("Cliffs of Heaven" or "Mountain in the Clouds" ) Heimdall's hall in Asgard, located at heaven's end where the bridge Bifröst joins heaven.

Himinglava - ("The sky shines through") One of Aegir and Ran's nine wave-daughters who are said to be the mothers of Heimdall, the guardian of the Bifrost bridge.

Himinhrjot, Himinhrjotur - ("Heavens Clearer") Giant Hymir's huge breeding bull with half-moon shaped horns, the largest of his oxen. Thor used its head as bait while fishing for the Midgard Serpent.

Hjámberi - ("The Helmeted One") A by-name of Odin.

Hjolgaddsringr -The Wheel-nail-rung, the Arctic Circle.

Hjorthrimul - A Valkyrie.

Hjuki - Hjuki and his sister Bil were sent up to the moon with a bowl full of mead. There they follow the moon on its way around the earth. Their parents are Ivaldi and the Disir Hildegun.

Hlaut-tein - Hlaut-teinar (Pl.). ON: lot-twig, or "blood-twig", i.e. rune lots.

Hlaut-vidhar - ON: Lot woods.

Hlautar - ON: lots, rune-staves

Hlebard - The Giant who gave Odin the magic wand, Gambantein. When Odin got the wand he made Hlebard lose his mind.

Hledolf - A rock dwelling Dwarf.

Hler - Primal water God, also called Aegir.

Hlesey Island - ("Island of the Sea God") An island near the undersea hall of Aegir and Ran.

Hlidskialf - Odin's high throne in Valaskjalf, from which he sees and understands everybody in the world.

Hlin - (The one who takes pity") Goddess of compassion and consolation, Frigga's second attendant. She was sent to kiss away the tears of mourners and pour balm into hearts wrung by grief. She also listened to the prayers of mortals, carrying them to her mistress, and advising her at times how best to answer them and give the desired relief. She protects people whom Frigga wishes to "save" from a danger.

Hlodyn - Jörd.

Hlokk - ("Noise" or "Din of Battle") A Valkyrie who serves ale to the Einheriar in Valhalla. Hlokk often rides down to Midgard to pick the human warriors that are brave enough to go to Valhalla.

Hlutr - Lot for divination, a talismanic object. A small portable image of a deity.

Hnikar, Hnikud - ( "Spear Thrower") One of the personas of Odin.

Hnitbjorg - Hall of the Giant Suttung, where he kept Mead of Poetry, guarded by his daughter, Gunnlöd.

Hnitibjörg's Sea - A kenning for any for intoxicating liquor, Hnitbjorg is where the great Mead of Poetry was hidden .

Hnoss, Hnossi - ("Treasure") Goddess of beauty, Freya's daughter (see also Gersemi). She is so lovely that whatever is beautiful and valuable is called "treasure" from her name.

Hod, Hodur - ("War") An immensely strong As, son of Odin and Frigg. Hodur was hunting in Iron-Wood and stayed overnight in a cave, where a witch bewitched him with a magical potion so that he was tricked into swearing an oath to gain the love of Nanna, Baldur's betrothed. The magical potion filled Hodur's heart with a burning love for his brother's fiancee. When he woke up the next morning he was filled with shame, but nevertheless he was bound by his oath to betray his brother (a sign of Ragnarok). When Volund and Aurvandil handed over Freyr to the Giants, Hodur and Baldur, under the direction of Njord, tracked them down to northernmost wilderness of the world. An attempt at reconciliation totally failed, and resulted in an archer's duel between Hodur and Aurvandil. Aurvandil proved himself to be superior, but Hodur was not hurt. After Aurvandil left the Elves' citadel at Elivogar, many Giants crossed the border. Hodur joined these, and organized them to do battle with the Gods, but was defeated. Baldur brought his repentant brother (who was then blind from battle) back to Asgard. Shortly thereafter, Hodur was tricked by Loki into shooting an arrow made of mistletoe at Baldr, causing his death. Loki knew that Hodur was the only one of the Æsir, who could possibly be suspected of wishing to harm Baldur. The blood-revenge for Balder's death was inescapable, even to the Gods, but no one could be found within Asgard who would slay Hodur, for this would deprive Odin of yet another of his sons. The Gods were in danger of being unable to fulfill their duty of revenge. Vali was born to destroy Hodur. Vali was only one day old when he killed Hodur. Hodur will return from the dead after Ragnarok to rebuild Hropt's Hall, and the brothers will become friends again.

Hoddmimir- ("Treasure of Mimir") Another name for Yggdrasil,

Hoddmimir's Holt or Wood- Where the humans, Life & Leifthrasir, will hide while the world is being burned by Surt during Ragnarok. They are the two human survivors of Ragnarok who will repopulate world.

Hoenir, Honir - An Asa-God, who displayed aggressiveness and bravery. He was a great warrior but not clever. After the battle between the Æsir and Vanir, he was exchanged as a hostage (for the Vanir God Njord) to the Vanirs along with the very wise Mimir. The Vanirs took Hoenir to their leader, but when he remained silent, Vanir beheaded Mimir and sent his head back to Odin in retaliation. He was one of the gods that was present at the creation of man (the other two were Lodur and Odin). He will be one of the gods who will survive Ragnarok.

Hofvarpnir ("Hoof-thrower") Magic horse of the Goddess Gna, who was Frigga's messenger. It travels across sky and sea, offspring of Hamskerpir and Gardrofa.

Holda, Holle, Holla, Hulda - ("The Dark Grandmother") These are German names for a Goddess who rules the weather--sunshine, snow, rain. She dwells at the bottom of a well, rides a wagon, and gives the gift of flax and spinning. She is the goddess to whom children who died as infants go.

Holokk - A Valkyrie.

Horn - An aspect of Freya as Giver of Flax.

Hor - A Dwarf.

Horg, Haerg - ON: altar. Originally this referred to an outdoor altar made of stone.

Hörgr - Pagan place of worship, an altar covered by a tent or canopy, also known as træf.

Horse - The animal that is sacred to Odin.

Horses of the Sea - A kenning for boats.

Howe - A type of burial mound.

Hraesvelg, Hrelsweg, Hrœsvelg - ("Corpse-Eater") Wind-Giant.The giant eagle that sits at the top of Yggdrasil. From his wings comes the north wind. He is always arguing with the dragon Nidhoggr. Between the eagle's eyes sits a hawk.

Hrafn - Raven, intelligence and knowledge

Hrauthung - A ruler of the Giants, father of Agnar and Geirröth.

Hreidmar [hrade-mar] -The Giant Hreidmar is a farmer-magician. He has three sons; Fafnir, Otter, and Regin. He captured Odin, Loki, and Hœnir for accidentally killing his son, Otter, and would not let them go until Loki brought him enough gold to cover his sons body inside and out. Loki stole the Nibelung gold to turn over as ransom. Hreidmar died as a result of the cursed gold, killed by his son Fafnir, who then took dragon form to guard the gold hoard.

Hridvitner - Another name for Fenrir wolf.

Hrimfaxi - Nott's horse; drips from his bit create dew all over the world.

Hrimgrimir, Hrimnir - ("Frost Shrouded") A hideous troll who sits by the gate of Hel, a Frost Giant.

Hrimthurs - The name of the disguised Giant who offered to build Valhalla within eighteen months to protect the Æsir from Cliff-Giants. As his reward he wanted Freya as his wife along with Sun and Moon. They gods agreed only if he could do it before summer. Using his horse, Svadilfari, to draw the huge rocks he almost succeeded. Loki distracted his horse and he never finished. Soon after, he was revealed as an evil Giant and was killed by Thor.

Hringhorni - The name of Balder's ship. His funeral pyre was placed on this boat and it was pushed out to sea while it burned. His wife, Nanna, who had died from grief, and his horse were also placed on the boat.

Hrist - ("The Shaker") A Valkyrie assigned to carry the drinks round and look after the table service and ale-cups in Valhalla. Hrist and Mist bring an ale horn to Odin. They are his personal servants.

Hrod - A Giant.

Hronn - ("Wave Suck") Hronn is one of Aegir and Ran's nine wave-daughters who are said to be the mothers of Heimdall, the guardian of the Bifrost bridge.

Hropt, Hroptatyr - ("The Doomer") Another name for Odin in Valhalla.

Hropt's Hall - Valhalla, Odin's Hall.

Hrossthjofur - Brother to Gullveig & Loki

Hrotte - The sword Hrotte was a part of the gold treasure guarded by the dragon Fafni. It was taken by Sigurdr Fafnisbari when he had killed the dragon.

Hrund - A Valkyrie.

Hrungnir, Rungnir - The strongest of the Giants, had a stone heart with three points on it. His head and shield were also made of stone. He wagered with Odin about who had the better horse. Odin won race to the As-gates where the Æsir invited Hrungnir in for a drink. Hrungnir got drunk and threatened to remove Valhalla, bury Asgard, kill the Gods, and take Freyia and Sif with him. He was challenged by Thor to a battle. When Thorr killed him, a piece of the Giant's whetstone lodged in Thorr's head. Hrungnir's horse, Gullfaxi, was given by Thorr to his son, Magni.

Hrym - Leader of the Giants, who will steer the great ship Naglfar at Ragnarok.

Hugauga - ON: The mind's eye used for purposes of magical visualization. Identical with the ajña chakra, or "third eye" in the forehead.

Hughr - The hughr is the conscious part of the soul, the thought process. The hughr is said to go to either Valhalla, Hel or to some other godly abode upon death.

Hugi, Huge - Hugi is the personification of the Giant Utgardh-Loki's thoughts. When the Æsirs visited Utgardh, Hugi competed with the fast human boy, Tjalfi. Huge won because thought always is faster.

Huginn & Munnin - ("Thought" and "Memory") Odin's two ravens. These Giant ravens bring news of the nine worlds to Odin.

Hugrúnar, Hugrunes - Mind runes, by which one gains intelligence. Closely related to Malrunes are the Hugrunes (or Hog runes). The word is related to the name of one of Odin's two attendant ravens, Huginn, "Thought". These are the mind-power runes. Traditionally they should be written upon the runemaster's chest and 'secret parts'. Their function is to bring mental excellence to the user. As in former times, Hugrunes are one of the most powerful and effective means of mind-consciousness.

Hugstari - A rock dwelling Dwarf.

Huldra, Hulder - Female wood- or mountain -sprites. They are very beautiful and lure men, but may be revealed by their cowtail. A runic charm, a "smjorhnutter" was carved on top of freshly churned butter so that the hulder would not steal it. See Huldru-folk.

Huldru-folk - The "hidden folk" are halfway in nature between trolls and landvaettir. They are peoples of the mound and forest, not slain by sunlight, but who often try to capture mortals by tricks and magic. They can be both helpful and harmful to humans. They are keepers of magical wisdom, generally related to the lore of plants and healing, though they also cause sickness at times.

Hunger - Hunger is the Death Goddess Hel's plate. It is probably in her dark stronghold, Eljudnir in Nifilhel.

Hurler - A kenning for Thor.

Hvedrungs - Another name for Fenrir.

Hvergelmir - [hvare-ghel-meer] A mountain located in Hel on which is found the world mill. It is the worst place of all, where the Nidhogg dragon knaws on the evil dead.

Hvergelmir Spring - ("Seething Cauldron") The Well of Hvergelmir, guarded by the dragon Nidhogg. In Niflheim, it lies under a root of Yggdrasil, the World Tree. It is the lowest level of the Well of Wyrd, from which the forces of primal water holding yeast and venom flow.

Hyde - (ON. hamr) Body shape or image. The quasi-physical part of the soul which gives a person shape and form. It may be collected and reformed by magical power (hamingja) according to will (hugr).

Hyge - Thought, intuition.

Hym, Hymir [him-ear] - Tyr's foster father. The violent Giant Hymir can smash massive stone columns with power from his eyes. His mother had 1,800 heads and his wife has 900 heads. He owns the kettle Seaboiler which is miles deep. He was fishing with Thor when Thor caught Jormungand. A terrible battle ensued. Hymir panicked and cut the line and let loose the Serpent, so Thorr punched him overboard.

Hyndla [hinnd-la] - Hyndla is a Giantess that rests in death slumber in a cave. She knows how every God, Giant, Dwarf and Alf are related to each other. She is great at solving inheritance disputes. Giantess who keeps the genealogy lists and the Memory Beer.

Hyrrokin - ("Fire Smoke") A Jotun-Giantess with enormous strength, who rides a wolf with a bridle of snakes. At Balder's wake his ship funeral ship, Ringhorne, had to be shoved, burning, into the sea, but the gods couldn't even budge the huge ship. Even Thor gave up, and the Gods sent for Hyrrokkin. The formidable giantess lauched the ship with a mighty shove.

Iarnvidiur - The trollwife Giantess of Ironwood Forest in Midgard, who breeds wolves.

Idavoll, Idavollen - ("Field of Tides")The central plain of Asgard near the spring of Urda. Odin's a first task after the creation was build a hall here in which there were seats for twelve gods, in addition to his own high-seat. It will be inhabited again after the Ragnarok, when earth will rise out of the sea and be green and fair.

Ide - Giant Ide is Olvalde's middle son. Gang is his little brother and Tjatsi his big brother. When the father had died the brothers shared the beer. That was the first time they were all quiet.

Idis, Idisi - (ON dis, disir) - In Germanic mythology, Goddesses of fate related to the Norns. In the first Merseburger Magic Poem they also appear as battle virgins after the manner of Valkyries and as fetter- and bonds-loosening magic women. See Dis.

Idun, Iduna, Idhunna - ("She Who Renews") Goddess of eternal life and youth, keeper of the golden apples of youth and immortality, wife of Bragi. Every year she gives one apple to every Æsir.

Ing, Ingvi, Ingvi-Frey - Fertility God (see also Freyr). Patronial deity of England, God of protection. Vana-God of Earth and fertility. The Swedish royal line called themselves Ynglings, as did the Anglo-Saxon line of Berenicia.

Ingi - A Dwarf.

Ingun - Mother or consort of Freyr. She may have been a face of Nerthus. She is the Progenetrix, Birthgiver and Devourer.

Innangardhs - Social, ordered space; space inside the enclosure of human culture.

Iord, Jord, Jorth, Erda - ("Earth") Giantess mother of Thorr by Odin.

Iormungand - See Jormungand; the World Serpent.

Iottun villum, or Jötna villur - Literally means "the bewilderments of the etins" (giants) and refers to some unknown formula of murk staves used by the etins to delude and confuse. Human magicians can also control such things.

Irminsul - The world column, i.e. Yggdrasil.

Iron-gloves - Thor has a pair of heavy iron-gloves that he uses when he swings his great hammer Mjollnir.

Iron-Wood - A forest to the north and east of Midgard where witches and Troll women live. Here one Jotun-Giantess gave birth to many giant sons, all of them wolves. Her sons include: Mánagarm (or Garm), Hati Hróvitnisson and Skoll. See Jarnvidur.

Isarnkol - Isarnkol is a kind of cooling system on the horses Allsvinn and Arvaker's shoulders. They need protection from the sun they are dragging.

Ivaldi, Ivalde - Also called Vidfinner and Svigdar ("Champion Drinker"). Ivaldi is the emperor of the Dwarves and father to Brokk, Eitri and Sindri. He has the children Idun, Bil and Hjuki with his wife Hildegun. His name means 'the one who has power'. The progenitor of all craftsmen Dwarves.

Jalg, Jalk - ("Gelding") Another name for Odin.

Jarnsaxa [yarn-sax-a] - ("Iron Sword") Giantess lover of Thorr and mother of his sons Magni and Modi. May have been one of the Asynjor.

Jarnvidur - A forest to the north-east of Midgard where witches and Troll women live. See Iron-Wood.

Jord, Jorth, Erda - "Earth"; Giantess mother of Thorr by Odhinn.

Jormungand, Iormungandr, Midgardsormr - The World Serpent, who is extremely formidable but an essential part of the world's structure, and cannot be removed. It is the offspring of Loki and the Giant Angr-Boda, along with Hela, Narfi, and Fenris-wolf. The name Jormungand means 'Huge Pole'. Odin, fearing evil intent, flung the serpent into the sea, where it grew so large that it surrounded the earth biting its own tail.

Jormungrund - ("Giant Land") The underworld was the first created world, the home of Mimir and the good giants and evil frost giants.

Juravale's Marsh - The place where the Dwarves of the line of Dvalin made their dwelling, their stone hall, Joruvellir.

Joruvellir - Place where the race of Dwarves called Lovar come from.

Jötun, Jotunn - A race of Giants. The Jotuns come in many shapes and colours, from gastly monsters to creatures so beautiful that they outshine both humans and Gods. The Thursar, singular Thurs, were antagonistic, destructive, and stupid. A number of the Jotuns were welcomed as members of the Æsir. Loki is of Jotun heritage but was adopted as Odin's blood-brother. There are also may stories of Æsir having affairs with fair Jotun maidens. The Jotuns represent nature's forces of Chaos, compared to the Gods who constantly try to keep the world at staus quo. Ragnarok will be the final battle of these forces. Trolls, giants and goblins, known from folk tales, are more recent variants of Jotuns.

Jotunheim, Jotunheimr - The world of the Giants. The realm of the Jotuns, outside both Asgard and Midgard. The realm's borders are constantly moved eastward, as Ginnungagap is constantly edging westward.

Kára - A Valkyrie, one of the Disir.

Kari - Primal air deity.

Karl - One of Rig's (Heimdall's) sons after his journey to Midgard to father a new people. Also, a free man.

Kili - Soil-dwelling Dwarf.

Kinfylgja - Personification of inherited traits and might; usually dwells with the head of family, or else the most suitable member.

Kjalar - Another name for Odin.

Kobold - Saxon: a house-sprite.Small human-shaped beings who live in or near barns and stables. If treated kindly, they are friendly.

Kolga - ("Cool") Kolga is one of Aegir and Ran's nine wave daughters who are said to be the mothers of Heimdall, the guardian of the Bifrost bridge.

Kona, konur - ON; designates female (seidhkona, Spåkone, draumkona, etc.)

Kreimhildr - A Valkyrie.

Kvaesir, Kvasir [kvah-seer] - A wise human created by the Gods with spit in a truce between the Æsir and Vanir. He knew the answer to any question asked of him. He traveled far and wide over the world to teach his wisdom. On one visit to some Dwarves was killed by two of them, Fjalar and Galar, who brewed his blood with honey and made the Mead of Poetry. This mead eventually became the property of the giant Suttung and drunk by Odin.

Kvasir's Blood - A kenning for poetry, because the Mead of Poetry was made from Kvasir's blood.

Laerad - A famous tree in Valhalla on which the goat Heidrún and the Hart (deer) Eikthyrnir feeds.

Laevatein - The magic-wand Laevatein was forged by Loki and is kept by Sinmara in a bowl made of tough iron that has nine locks. Laevatein means "Lie Stick" or "Wand of Destruction". At Ragnarok Loki intends to use it to kill the cock Vithofnir to prevent it from crowing and warning of their approach into battle. To possess the shining feather found in front of Vithofnir's gaze is the only bribe Sinmara would take to give up this weapon. Laevatein is also used as a kenning for "sword".

Land of Morning-The light to the east of Jormungrund.

Landvaettir - ON: Guardian earth sprites. In this group can be classed all the beings who guard certain places, those who are bound to rocks, streams, or trees, and the lesser nature spirits in general. The landvaettir are visible to the sensitive and to those faring forth from their bodies. They also appear in dreams. They do not change shape, but an individual landvaettr may appear as almost anything.

Laufey [lowf-ee] - ("Wooded Isle") Fire Giantess Laufey is Farbauti's wife and mother of Loki, Byleist and Helblindi. Laufey gave birth to Loki after she had been struck by a bolt of fire from Farbauti. She is also called Nál.

Leod-runa - Old High German: song-rune.

Leikin - Also called Hela or Hel.

Leirbrimir - A Clay-Giant.

Lich, Lik - (OE: lic) the physical part of the soul-body (psycho-physical) complex. Also called lyke.

Lidskjalv - Odin's high seat in Valhalla. from which he has a grand view of all the worlds. Freyr was sitting on the high seat when he discovered Gerd, with whom he fell in love.

Lif & Leifthrasir, Liv & Livtrase - Two human survivors of Ragnarok who will repopulate world. Mimir had already seen the future of Ragnarok, and read the signs, which proved that a terrible fate was in store for the world. He did not want the clan of Men descended from Askur and Embla to become irretrievably spoilt from distress and sin, so he sought out two children, pure and unspoiled, in order to preserve them. In Midgard he found Lif and Leifthrasir, and ordered his sons to build for them a magnificent palace in the land of morning-light to the east of Jormungrund, a palace called Breidablik surrounded by the greenest of woods. The palace was also built for Baldur, whose fate Mimir had also foreseen.

Lich, Lik, Lyke - The physical body. See also Hamr.

Líkn-stafir - ON: health staves (runes).

Limrúnar, Limrunes - Runes used for healing. To get the best results from Limrunes, they should be carved on the south-facing bark or leaves of the corresponding tree. The rune Ul is a Limrune of great power, invoking Waldh. See also Biargrunes.

Lina - Flax, fertility, the sacred plant of the goddess Frigg.

Lindorm - ON. Snake-like ribbon pattern containing runes.

Lit - Lit is a small Dwarf who was running around as Balder's funeral boat was being pushed in the sea. Thor was in a bad mood so when Lit got in the way, Thor kicked the Dwarf into the fire.

Ljothatal - The list of charms in the Havamal.

Ljøsalfar - The Light Elves are wights of light, air and thought who dwell in the upper reaches of Midgardhr's atmosphere, which is ruled by Freyr. They are often, though not always, personified as feminine, in contrast to the Svartalfar, who are almost always masculine. The Ljøsalfar are the keepers and teachers of wisdom and they are the source of earthly inspiration.

Ljóssalfheimr - .Home of the Light Elves.

Loading - The part of a ritual in which the sacred power that has been called upon is channeled into the holy drink or object (such as a runestave or bindrune).

Loading formáli - As a final way of setting the purpose of each lot, to speak its ørlög, a poetic formáli should be spoken over it. This could be one of the old traditional verses from one of the rune poems, or a special verse of your own making. This or some other similar formula, can also act as a mnemonic in actual rune readings.

Loddfafnir - The wandering skald who recites the Runatál, the verses which he claims to have received from Odin.

Loeding, Leyding - Loding is the second strong chain the Gods used to tie up the Fenrir wolf. The first chain was Dromi, and the third, that worked, was Gleipnir. All three chains were forged by the Dwarves.

Lodur - Lodur gave appearance and speech to the first humans. He is identified with Vé by some and Loki by others.

Loegr - ON: invasive sorcery commanding spirits, operative magic.

Lofar - the descendants of which were: Draupnir and Dólgthrasir, Hár, Haugspori, Hlévangur, Glói, Dori, Ori, Dufur, Andvari, Skirfir, Virfir, Skáfidur, Ái, Álf and Yngvi, Eikinskjaldi, Fjalar and Frosti, Finn and Ginnar:

Lofn - Goddess of forbidden love, and of passionate love affairs, an attendant to Frigga. Her duty was to remove all obstacles from the path of lovers. Her name means "Praise" or "Love".

Logi, Loge [lo-ghee] - ("Flame") A Fire-Giant who served Utgardh-Loki. He competed and won against Loki in eating the most meat. It was a trick. Logi is actually "flame", which burns more quickly than one can eat. Logi's father is Mistblindi and Aegir is his brother.

Loki, Loki Laufeyiarson - A Giant who become the blood-brother of Odin. Son of the Giant Farbauti (Cruel Smiter) and Giantess Laufrey. Pleasing and handsome, evil in character, capricious in behavior, cunning, he is known as the Trickster God, called "Father of Lies", Shape-changer, Sky-Traveler. Originally, he was the God of Fire. He has fiery red hair and is extremely funny and witty. He would do anything to make people laugh. Eventually, his pranks devolved into practical jokes with a streak of viciousness. Loki ("Fire") first married Glut ("Glow"), who bore him two daughters, Eisa ("Embers") and Einmyria ("Ashes"). Besides this wife, Loki is also said to have wedded the Giantess Angr-boda ("Anguish-Boding") [possibly Gullveig] , who dwelt in Jötunheim, and who bore him the three monsters Hel, Goddess of death, the Midgard snake Iörmungandr, and the wolf Fenris. Loki also bore (as a female) Sleipnir, the eight legged horse, after a mating with a Giant stallion called Svadilfari. His last wife was Sigyn, with whom he had sons Vali and Narfi. Loki admitted to Frigg that it was his fault Balder was killed and could not return from Hel . The Æsir pursued him, so he ran away and hid in a mountain cabin with four doors so that he could see out of it in all directions. Often during the day, he changed himself into a salmon to hide in the waterfall of Fránang. While sitting indoors over a fire one day, Loki took linen twine and invented the fishing net. Odin saw him from Hlidskjálf. Throwing the net on to the fire, Loki jumped up and out into the river. When the Æsir arrived, Kvasir saw the ashes and understood it was made for catching fish. The Aesir made a net and tried to catch him with it. Loki leaped away but was caught by the tail by Thor. Loki was captured and put into a cave. Taking three flat stones, the gods set them up on end and bored a hole through each. Then Loki's sons, Vali and Narfi, were captured. The Æsir changed Vali into a wolf and he tore apart his brother Narfi. The Æsir took Narfi's entrails and with them bound Loki over the edges of the three stones - one under his shoulder, the second under his loins, the third under his knee-joints - and these bonds became iron. Then Skadi took a poisonous snake and fastened it up over him so that the venom from it should drop on to his face. His wife Sigyn, however, sits by him holding a basin under the poison drops. When the basin becomes full she goes away to empty it, but in the meantime the venom drips on to his face and then he shudders so violently that the whole earth shakes causing earthquakes. There he will lie in bonds until Ragnarök. All his fetters will break at Ragnarok. Then Loki and all the Frost Giants and the whole family of Hel will board the boat Nagifar and join the Sons of Muspell to battle the Æsir.

Long-Beard - By-name of Odin.

Lopt - Another name for Loki.

Lot - A runic talisman (rune-tine) used for divinatory purposes.

Lovar - Race of Dwarves from Svarin's grave-mound to Aurvangar in Jöruvellir.

Lyfja - The mountain on which Mengloth's hall, Lyr, is found, called the "Mountain of Healing".

Lyke, Lich, Lik - The physical body. See also Hamr.

Lyngvi Island - Fenrir is bound on this island on Armsvartnir Lake.

Lyr - Mengloth's hall, built on Lyfja, the "Mountain of Healing".It is protected by a moat of "flickering flame". It has a golden floor built by the Dwarves.

Magic - The magic used by our northern ancestors covered an amazing range of subjects and possibilities: Shapeshifting, incantations, runic divination, "sitting-out", weather and element magic, evil eye, image magic, necromancy, counter-magic, charms, prophecy and second-sight, herbalism, healing and poisons, "platform magic", mind control, death magic and curses, sexual magic, ghost lore, battle magic. Many of these overlap one another, with shamanic techniques complementing herbalism and healing, as an example. Also see Galdor and Seid.

Magni [mag-nee] - ("The Powerful") Son of Thorr and Jarnsaxa; extremely strong at birth. Magni kills Nidhogg in Ragnarok which he survives with his brother Modi. The brothers inherit Mjollnir.

Málrúnar, Malrunes - ON: mal or mål, meaning speech. Speech runes, by which one gains eloquence. Generally, the Malrunes are used in magic that brings advantage to the rune user by means of speech. A Malrune is a runic formula that is spoken, called, or sung to achieve the desired magical result. Malrunes are effective in areas of life where words are important. They can be used to gain compensation against injuries, especially in legal actions. When they are used for this purpose, they should be written upon the walls, pillars and seats of the place where the case is being tried. Malrunes are also used in the word magic of poetry and invocation.

Mana - 1) The Finnish Death Goddess of the Kalevala. Her realm is called Manala. 2) A vital essence that is the pure energy of Love and Harmony.

Måni - Moon-God. Moon is the son of Mundilfari and the Light-Disir Sol's brother. Together with his sister Sol he was placed in the sky by the Æsirs. Moon is chased by the wolf Manegarm.

Manegarm, Moongarm - The most mighty wolf ever bred, Manegarm chases the Moon every night. In the battle of Ragnarok he finally catches the Moon. He eats corpses and spatter heavens with lifeblood. Manegarm was given birth by a Giantess in the Ironforest.

Manheimur - The name of the land where the Aesir settled during their absence from Asgard during the war with the Vanir.

Mardoll - ("Shining over the Sea") An aspect of Freya.

Mattr - ON: Personal beneficial force.

Mead - A type of ale brewed from honey and water and thought to be the nectar of the gods. Mead is the drink which made the Germanic tribes fierce...and also extremely inebriated. It is the celebrated drink of Beowulf, made from fermented honey. Apparently when put in a horn (the preferred Germanic drinking vessel), it left a residue at the tip of the horn which turned into ergot, a hallucinogenic by-product, which probably explains their fanaticism in battle. However, in certain Eastern European countries, mead is still a popular home-brewed drink, and is very simple to concoct:

Mead of Poetry - The Mead of Poetry is a very special mead which makes the drinker a poet. The mead was made of Kvæsir's blood mixed with honey by Fjalar and Galar.

Medu - ON: Mead, inspiration, transformation.

Megin - OE: A personal force, distinct from physical power or strength, the possession of which assures success and good fortune.

Meile - (Mile Stepper") Meile is Thor's relatively unknown brother.

Meinvættir - Evil spirits who do one personal injury.

Mell - A sacred hammer.

Mengingjord, Megingjardar - ("Strength Increaser") Thor's strength belt. With it wrapped around his stomach Thor becomes twice as strong and twice as angry.

Mengloth - The bride of Svipdag who lives on the Lyfja mountain in Lyr hall. Svipdag had to take a perilous journey to marry her.

Menja - Jotun-Giantess, sister of Fenja, the two women responsible for turning King Frodes giant mill, Grotte.

Mermaids -The mermaids appear in Norse lore as well, and lure unsuspecting seafarers off-course with their beautiful song. Aegir and Ran's nine wave-daughters are undines or mermaids.

Messe-dag stave - Wooden almanac showing holy days only. See Primestave.

Mickle - Great (in the sense of large); mighty.

Middle-Garth - (ON Midgardhr): the world of humankind.

Midgard, Midgardhr - ON: The material universe, the dwelling place of humanity. The world of mankind. The realm of humanity, which the gods built out of Ymir's eyebrows as a protection against the Jotuns.(OE: Middangaerd, Meddlert)

Midgardsormr - One of Loki's children, a serpent that circles Midgard. brother to Hel and the Fenrir-wolf. Thor will kill the snake during Ragnarok. See Iormungand; World Serpent.

Mirmir - ("The Murmuring") Mirmir is Bolthorn's son, Betsla's brother, and Odin's mother's brother. Mimer is a proto-etin (Giant) and the wisest of all beings, holder of all knowledge that has ever existed, who lived by Mimir's Well. At the end of the war with the Vanirs, Mirmir was sent as a hostage. The Vanirs chopped off his head and sent it back to Asgard. Odin galdored over the head, reviving it, and now it lives in the well. Mirmir is God of all the waters beneath the earth.

Mimir's Well - The source wisdom and intelligence; this well lies under the root of Yggdrasill in Asgard and is guarded by the head of Mimir. Odin came there and asked for a single drink from the spring, but he did not get it until he had given one of his eyes to Mímir.

Mimisbrunnur - Mimir's Well.

Minni - (ON: minni; OE mynd) The faculty of "memory"; the images stored in the deep mind from aeons past. The reflective part of the soul, the memory--personal and transpersonal. Also myne.

Mirkwood - A magic, dark forest from which three Valkrye maidens flew in search of husbands.

Mist - ("The Mist" or "The Fog") The Valkyrie Mist is one of Odin's two servants. Her major task is to serve the Einheriars in Valhalla of the four kinds of mead that comes from the goat Heidrun. Mist and Hrist bring an ale horn to Odin.

Mistblindi - ("Fog Blind") Mistblindi is father to the Ocean Giant Aegir and the Fire Giant Logi.

Mistletoe - 1) The mistletoe was sacred to the Druids and to the Norse. It was considered to be the great healer and has both male and female qualities. It was so well regarded by the Norse (because it was sacred to Freyja) that they refused to fight in the vicinity of Mistletoe.The custom of hanging Mistletoe in the house to promote peace comes from this. Generally regarded today as a symbol of love and purity. 2) By an oversight, Mistletoe was the only entity in the universe that did not swear to not cause harm to Balder. Loki used magic to make an arrow of Mistletoe, and tricked Balder's blind brother, Hodur, to shoot at Balder. The arrow struck and killed Balder.

Mit sinn ok megin - Old Norse phrase meaning "belief in one's own Might and Main", found in the Icelandic sagas describing those who did not sacrifice to the Germanic Gods, but rather believed in themselves.

Mjollnir - ("Smasher" or "Crusher") Thor's hammer, forged by the Dwarf Brokk, hits everything that Thor aims at and always comes back to his hand. Thor can reduce its size to hang it around his neck. Thor's Hammer is one of the most popular pieces of jewelry of the Viking era.

Modgud - [mod-good] - The grim skeleton Modgunn is the guardian by the Gjallarbridge bridge that goes over the river Gjoll to the kingdom of death, Hel. She extracts a toll of blood before permitting one to cross. She demands everyone who passes tell their name and family.

Modi [mode-ee] - ("The Brave) Son of Thorr and Jarnsaxa. He is very brave. He will survive the Ragnarok with his brother, Magni.

Modin - ("Tired") A horse belonging to the Dwarf Dvalin.

Modsognir, Durin - Dwarves; the Dwarves were originally maggots but given intelligence by Gods.

Modvitnir - ("Mead-Wolf") A Dwarf.

Mood - (ON: mód): The emotional part of the soul closely allied with the wode.

Morkkurkalve - A golum, or Mud-Giant, created by the Jotuns to help Rungnir in his fight with Thor. He is shaped from mud, with a mare's heart. He is nine miles tall and his chest is three miles wide. He collapsed during the battle.

Mundilfari - ("Travels like a pendulum") Father of the beautiful Sun and her brother Moon. The Gods thought Sun and Moon were too beautiful so they put them in the sky.

Munin - ("Memory") One of Odin's two black ravens. Everyday the ravens fly out all over the world, returning and reports what they have seen.

Murk-stave - From ON myrkstafr. The negative aspects of a given runestave.

Muspell, Muspellheim, Muspellheimr -Land of fire. The first world to exist. A bright, flaming, hot world in the southern region, home of the Fire-Giants. Realm of fiery sparks, abode of expansion and electricity. The force of pure energy constantly expanding away from itself.

Myne - (ON: minni; OE mynd) The faculty of "memory"; the images stored in the deep mind from aeons past. The reflective part of the soul, the memory--personal and transpersonal. See also Minni.

Myrkstafr - ON: The negative aspects of a given runestave. "Murk-stave".

Naglfar - ("The ship with rivets") Naglfar is a ship that the Death Goddess Hel created using dead humans' fingernails. When people trim their fingernails, the construction of Nagelfar is delayed. It will be launched at Ragnarok from Jotunheim loaded with armed Jotuns, ready to fight the Gods.

Nain - A Dwarf.

Nanna, Anna, Inanna - ("The Moon") Asa-Goddess, wife of Balder, mother of Forseti. She dies of heartache after Balder's death and is burned with him on his funeral boat, along with his chopped up horse and a misfortunate Dwarf who Thor kicked in at the last minute.

Nar - A Dwarf.

Narfi - Narfi is son of Loki and Sigyn. Narfi was killed by his brother Vali, who was turned into a wolf. When Loki was punished, the Gods used Narfi's intestines to bind him onto rocks under a poisonous snake which dripped its venom onto him.

Nastrond - Site of the hall of evildoers in Hel. The dragon Nidhogg knaws at corpses here.

Natt , Nott, Night - ("Night") Natt, a Night-Disir, is the daugher of Norvi. She has been married three times. With Nagifari, her first husband, she had a son, Aud. Her second husband was Annarr, father of her daughter Earth/Erda (Jõrd). With Delling ("Dawn"), her third husband, she had a son, Dag/Day. Natt is also the mother of Njord. Natt and Dag circle the world on their horses. Natt's horse is Hrimfaxi ("Frost Mane"). Dag's is Skinfaxi ("Shining Mane").

Need-fire - 1) Fire kindled directly from wood without flint by friction. 2) A person's intense driving motivation to achieve a desired end.

Nehallennia [Nee-hal-een-ia] - ("The Fruitful One") Great mother of sea and vegetation. Goddess of plenty, seafaring, fishing, fruitfulness. Her symbol is a cornucopia.

Nemeton - Sanctuary, often a sacred grove of trees

Nepur - Moon-God. He abducted king Ivaldi's sons, Bil & Hjuki. as they tried to take mead from their fathers well. He had to release them when Ivaldi caught him as he rode through the underworld.

Nerthus - Mother Earth Goddess, primal earth mother. She is the oldest Scandinavian Goddess whose name has come down to us. Some connect her with Frigga. Possibly an older version of Njord (as the opposite sex) or his sister/wife with whom he has Freyr and Freya. She was a fertility Goddess whose worship was centered in Denmark. She lived in a grove on a sacred island. Once a year she traveled across the land in a wagon bringing a season of peace and plenty. When she tired, she returned to her island and was bathed in a lake by slaves who were later drowned.

Nibelunggold - A treasure that was first owned by the Dwarf Andvari, which was stolen by the Æsirs. Andvari then spoke a curse over the magic ring Andvaranut. Hreidmar received Andvari's hoard and a cursed gold ring from Odin, as compensation for the death of his son, Otter, but he refused to share any with his other sons. Fáfnir and Regin killed their father, but then Fafnir would not share the gold with Regin. Fáfnir went to a cave on the Gnita Heath and, making a lair there, turned himself into a dragon to guard the gold. Many years later, Regin killed the Fafni dragon, with the aid of Sigurdr, and reclaimed the gold. Sigurdr killed Regin and abandoned the gold.

Nid, Nídh - An insult which is also a curse, calling upon the Landvaettir to drive out the miscreant. "Nidering" is the worst thing any northerner could be called. Egil Skallagrimsson set up a "nidhin-pole" to magically banish Erik Bloddaxe from Norway. It worked.

Nidavellir - Land of the Dwarves.

Nidering, Nídhingr, Nithling - ON Nithingr. A wretched coward; a vile wretch. The very worst insult one could say to another.

Nidfjoll - ("Dark Mountains") A hall, called Sindri, is found in this mountain range. It will be a refuge to those finding it at Ragnarok.

Nidhing Pole - ("Pole of insult"). ON: Nidstang. A pole with a horse's head or carving of the victim in an obscene posture, sued for serious insult and damaging curses.

Nidhoggr [need-hoog] - ("Bites in anger") The terrible dragon that guards the Spring of Hvergelmir in Niflheim and gnaws Yggdrasil's root to the north. Nidhoggr is always arguing with the eagle in the top of the tree.

Nidi - A Dwarf.

Niflheim, Niflheimr - The lowest level of the nine worlds. The realm of mist becoming ice, abode of contraction and magnetism. The force of antimatter, a point of constantly pulling in on itself, like a "black hole". The northern world of the ice and unbearable cold, north of Asgard, home of the Frost-Giants. It is the location of a frozen well known as Hvergelmir. Here Hel, created her Domain of the Dead, Helheim.

Niflehel - The location of Hela's Helheim, the domain of the dead who don't qualify for Valhalla. It lies in the northernmost part of the Niflheim underworld. There are passages connecting Jotunheimur to Niflhel. Jotunheimur contains the Giants that survived the blood-flood, but Niflhel has the souls of the Giants that drowned.

Nine Worlds of Norse Mythology - The world-tree Yggdrasil contains the whole of creation, embraced by nine worlds. 1) Asgardhr -- world of the Æsir, the land of the Gods. 2) Vanaheim -- world of the Vanir. 3) Midgardh -- world of men. 4) Jotunheim -- world of the Giants. 5) Svartalfaheim -- world of the Dwarves. 6) Alfheim or Lysalfheim -- world of the Light-Elves. 7) Muspellheim -- world of fire, a bright, flaming, hot world in the southern region, home of the Fire-Giants. 8) Niflheim -- world of ice and terrible cold, in the far north, home of the Frost-Giants, and 9) Helheim or Niflhel--world of the dead. Some versions of the mythology refer to Eight Worlds, combining Niflheim and Helheim, or Seven Worlds, in which Lysalfheim is the home of Freyr and Light Elves and is not considered a "world". The Light-Elves also have a hall, Gimle, which is found in Andlang, one of the heavens above Asgardr. The other heaven above Asagardr is Vidblain.

Niorun - Niorun is the Goddess of dreams. The Dwarves call nighttime Dream-Niorun.

Njörd, Niord - ("Stiller-of-storms") Vana-God of seafaring. He controls wind, stills sea and fire. He is the son of Nott (Night). He lives in Noatun ("Boat Town"). His first wife was Nerthus, with whom he had his most famous children, Freyr and Freyja. He had eight more daughters. He was briefly married to Giantess Skadi who picked him for his beautiful feet, by mistake, thinking he was Balder. Njord and Skadi could not agree on where to live. She didn't like his home, and he didn't like hers, so they split up.

Noatun - ("Ship Yard" or "Boat Town") Hall of the god Njörd.

Nordri - ("North") The Dwarf Nordri was put in the sky's north corner by Odin, Vili and Ve. The sky is made out of the Giant Ymir's head.

Norfe - The Giant Norfe is the father of the disir Night. He was the first who built anything in Jotunheim.

Nori - A Dwarf.

Norn - Usually taken as the singular of the Nornir, the three Disir Fates of Norse myth known as Urdhr, Verdhandi, and Skuld, and representing the past, present and future.The embodiments of ørlög and causality. There are three Norns, Urdhr (that-which-is), Verdhandi (that-which-is-becoming), and Skuld (that-which-should-be) who shape the turnings of Wyrd through the worlds. Each person is also said to have his or her own lesser norns who bring his or her personal weird. These may be related to or identical with the Disir and Valkyrja, who also embody personal ørlög. Also known by the Saxons as the Weird or Wyrd Sisters.

Nyi - A Dwarf.

Nykur - A Kelpie, a malignant water-elemental, usually in the form of a horse.

Nyr - A Dwarf.

Nyrad - A Dwarf.

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